Choosing the best solution for your automated systems

Jan 23, 2024

Conveyors vs. Autonomous Mobile Robots vs. Autonomous Guided Vehicles:


Which is best for Ecommerce & 3rd Party Logistics?

In today’s rapidly evolving world of e-commerce and third-party logistics (3PL), efficiency and adaptability are paramount. To maintain a competitive edge, it is really important to leverage cutting-edge technologies to streamline your operations and keep them running smoothly. Among the most discussed technologies are conveyor/automation systems, autonomous mobile robots (AMRs), and autonomous guided vehicles (AGVs). Each has its unique benefits, making it crucial to understand their differences and applications. But don’t worry our team of experts at CSL can help guide you though this then design and install a system that meets the needs of your business.

Conveyor/Automation Systems: The Traditional Powerhouse


Simply put conveyor systems are mechanical assemblies designed to transport materials or goods from one location to another within a facility. There are a multitude of different options on how this can be done including the use of belts, rollers, or other mechanisms to move items along predefined paths, enhancing efficiency in production and distribution processes.

When we talk about automation systems we are referring to a broader range of technologies and processes that reduce or eliminate manual intervention. These systems automate tasks, increasing productivity, accuracy, and consistency while minimising human error. Together, conveyor and automation systems can revolutionise industries by streamlining operations and optimising workflow. They can improve operational efficiencies and allow you to redeploy your workforce elsewhere to work on tasks that require human creativity, problem-solving, or decision-making, maximising their unique skills.


The advantages:

  • High throughput: Conveyor systems are designed for high-volume tasks, making them ideal for large-scale operations where items move consistently and predictably.
  • Reliability: Once set up, conveyors operate with minimal human intervention, reducing the chances of errors due to human factors.
  • Customisation: Modern conveyor systems can be tailored to specific requirements, accommodating various product sizes, weights, and shapes.
  • Scalability: As businesses grow, conveyor systems can be expanded or modified to meet increased demands without significant overhaul



  • Flexibility: Conveyors operate on a fixed path, making them less adaptable to changes in workflow or layout adjustments.
  • Initial Investment: Setting up conveyor systems can be capital-intensive, sometimes requiring a substantial upfront investment. It’s worth researching what finance options may be available to you when looking to install a conveyor system.
Interroll Roller Conveyor with CSL Logo. Logopak Label Printer Above.

Autonomous Mobile Robots (AMRs): Flexibility in Motion

The advantages:

  • Depolyment: The ability to deploy these solutions rapidly is a huge benefit
  • Adaptability: AMRs can navigate dynamic environments, adjusting routes based on real-time conditions, making them suitable for facilities with changing layouts or workflows.
  • Scalability: Easily deployable and scalable, AMRs can be added or adjusted based on operational needs.
  • Collaborative operations: AMRs can work alongside human workers, enhancing efficiency by handling repetitive tasks, allowing human workers to focus on more complex activities.
  • Lower initial costs: Compared to fixed conveyor systems, AMRs often require a more manageable initial investment and can show ROI relatively quickly.



  • Payload capacity: While AMRs are versatile, their payload capacity might be limited compared to conveyor systems.
  • Battery life: Continuous operation relies on battery life, requiring periodic recharging or battery replacement. This can mean that back ups AMR’s may be required to swap out when charging is needed.
  • Limited speed: Can be slow when compared to conveyor systems
  • Spacial limitation: Requires are dedicated space often limiting other operational requirements.


You can find out more here.


Autonomous Mobile Robot

Autonomous Guided Vehicles (AGVs): The Middle Ground

The Advantages:

  • Versatility: AGVs can transport a wide range of materials across various terrains, from warehouse floors to outdoor settings.
  • Safety: Equipped with advanced sensors and navigation systems, AGVs operate safely in shared spaces, reducing the risk of accidents.
  • Efficiency: AGVs can work autonomously, optimising routes and schedules, leading to faster and more efficient operations.
  • Integration: AGVs can integrate with existing infrastructure, making them a viable option for companies looking to enhance their current operations without significant overhauls.



  • Limited payload: Like AMRs, AGVs may have payload limitations, restricting them to specific tasks or environments.
  • Navigation challenges: While advanced, AGVs might face challenges in complex environments with obstacles or changing layouts.

Team repairing roller

The right solution depends on your needs

While each technology offers distinct advantages, there’s no one-size-fits-all solution for e-commerce companies and 3PL providers. The decision hinges on specific operational requirements, goals, and constraints.

For large-scale operations with consistent workflows, conveyor/automation systems remain a powerhouse, ensuring high throughput and reliability.

Facilities requiring flexibility and adaptability might lean towards AMRs, benefiting from their ability to navigate dynamic environments and collaborate with human workers.

Those seeking a middle ground, balancing efficiency with versatility, might find AGVs the ideal choice, integrating seamlessly with existing infrastructure and offering efficiency benefits.


Take action: Expert advice awaits

Navigating the complexities of e-commerce and 3PL, making the right technology choice is crucial. Recognising the merits and nuances of conveyor systems, AMRs, and AGVs is just the beginning.

To pinpoint the optimal solution tailored to your unique needs, contact Conveyor Systems Ltd. With expertise spanning across these technologies, they can provide invaluable insights, ensuring you harness the right tools to propel your operations forward.

Embrace innovation, enhance efficiency, and secure your competitive edge. Reach out today and embark on a journey towards operational excellence.


If you’re looking to start a new project or want to find out more about how we can help you and your business contact us on:

Telephone: 01283 55 22 55


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